Table of Contents


Peer reviewed articles

Exploring the Reasons for Setting up New General Service Co-operatives in Germany

Isabel Adams and Reiner Doluschitz, pp. 6-16


Over the last two decades, an increase can be observed in the number of organisations with the legal status of registered co-operative (e.G.), including those in services of general interest. The reasons for this may be found in the interplay between supply gaps and unsaturated demand, manifested as deficits in services of general interest, as well as in the increase in citizens’ willingness to play active roles. This article centres on the intentions behind founding such enterprises. Whereas in the literature, new co-operatives as described are mainly represented by individual cases, this article takes a comprehensive, systematic and quantitative view. The survey conducted in summer 2016 supplied datasets from 178 co-operatives in services of general interest. The 178 datasets thus gathered were subjected to a descriptive and structurally revealing statistical analysis. By means of an exploratory factor analysis (KMO value 0.726), four intentions were determined that led to the foundation of co-operatives in services of general interest: (1) redressing a local deficit, (2) preserving something, (3) helping others, (4) providing self-help. A comparison of the results with equivalent findings from the literature reveals both overlaps (1 and 2), and new knowledge (3 and 4).

Keywords: Germany; general service co-operative; quantitative

Co-operative University: An Antidote to Academic Capitalism?

Jan Myers, pp. 17-30


This paper looks at the idea of the co-operative university in the UK. It considers the current higher education environment and the challenges and opportunities offered by the Higher Education and Research Act, 2017. In doing so the paper considers the university as a public good, academic capitalism and entrepreneurism as well as issues of ownership, control, participation and what questions these issues raise for realising one or more co-operative universities. It acknowledges the developments and challenges thus far, particularly on the eve of the centenary anniversary of UK’s Co-operative College and considers the nature and form that might concern the future development of co-operative universities from past experience and current need.

Keywords: co-operative university; higher education; public good

Short papers

Reprint article: University Courses for Managers

S. P. Clarke, pp. 31-32

Reprint article: Management Education and Training: the Swedish Experience

Gunnar Dahlander, pp. 33-40


This report from Sweden and in particular from Kooperativa Förbundet (KF) the Swedish Co‑operative Union and Wholesale Society is in two parts. The first is a description of the structure and consists of extracts from the Information Sheet Consumer Co-operative Education and Training, published in July 1977 by the International Department of KF. The second part identifies some of the main goals and functions (and problems) within that structure.

Jesse Gray’s Role in the Development of the British Co-operative Movement

Andrew Bibby – pp 41-45

Book Reviews

University teaching of co-operation in various countries: A survey and analysis

By George Davidovic. Reviewed by W. P. Watkins, pp. 46-47

The Fall of the Ethical Bank

By Paul Gosling. Reviewed by Nick Matthews, pp. 48-50

Business and society: A critical introduction

By Kean Birch, Mark Peacock, Richard Wellen, Caroline Hossein, Sonya Scott and Alberto Salazar. Reviewed by Nick Matthews, pp. 51-52

Creative Commons License
All works are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, subject to a 6-month embargo from date of publication in the Journal

UK Society for Co-operative Studies is registered in England and Wales as a charitable incorporated organisation Number 1175295. Our registered office is Holyoake House, Hanover Street, Manchester, M60 0AS.
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